There are several factors that can make up and influence a philosophy of education. A philosophy is determined based on the aspects and opinions one believes in. The various branches of philosophy include metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, epistemology, logic, and political philosophy. Each branch is unique in its own way and brings different reason and meaning to philosophy.
Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that determines what is real. Metaphysics is concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world and attempts to answers the questions, “what is there” and “what is it like”. This brings clarity and understanding to philosophy, generating the notion in which people try to understand the world.
Ethics is the branch of philosophy that focuses on what the value is. Ethics is known as a moral philosophy, involving systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of what is right and what is wrong. This branch of philosophy entails moral outcomes, moral propositions, and a way to determine a moral course of action.
Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that explains what is beauty. Aesthetics deals with the nature of beauty, art, and taste, as well as the creation and appreciation of what beauty is. This branch studies senses and emotional values, and is a critical reflection on art, culture, and nature.
Epistemology is the branch that focuses on how do we know, logic enforces how do we reason, and political philosophy questions how should societies be governed. These branches are all extremely different and contribute their own explanations and reasons to influence a philosophy. They are the basic fundamental structures, which help guide the philosophical beliefs.